The Cancer Specialty is one of 30 Specialties which bring together communities of clinical practice to provide national networks of research expertise. Our membership is made up of research-interested clinicians and practitioners at both national and local levels. Our role is to ensure that the Cancer studies included in our national portfolio of research receive the right support to ensure they are delivered successfully in the NHS.
Cancer is a disease of the cells. Cells in the body work in different ways but most divide, repair and reproduce in the same way. When cells are dividing the process can get out of control, if this occurs a tumour can form. Tumours can be either benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). If malignant, the cells could spread beyond the original area of where the tumour began to form through the bloodstream or lymphatic system.
There are over 200 different types of Cancer, each with a different form of treatment, and these can be grouped these into 21 different sub-specialties:
|Biomarkers and Imaging ||Bladder ||Brain |
| Breast || Children's Cancer & Leukaemia ||Colorectal |
| Gynaecological ||Haematological Oncology ||Head & Neck |
| Lung || Lymphoma ||Palliative & Supportive Care |
| Primary Care Group || Prostate || Psychosocial Oncology|
| Renal ||Sarcoma ||Skin Cancer |
| Teenage & Young Adults ||Testis ||Upper Gastro-Intestinal |
Each type of cancer is treated in a different way, however the most common forms of treatments are:
- Chemotherapy – powerful cancer-killing medication
- Radiotherapy – the controlled use of high energy X-rays
- Surgery – to remove cancerous tissues